IMR Press / FBL / Volume 14 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.2741/3356

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article

IFN-γ in Candida albicans infections

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1 Departamento de Microbiología y Ecología, Universitat de València, 46100 Burjasot, Valencia, Spain
Academic Editor:Nina Luisa Ivanovska
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2009, 14(5), 1970–1978; https://doi.org/10.2741/3356
Published: 1 January 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of IFN-gamma in immune responses to candida albicans infections)
Abstract

The dimorphic fungus Candida albicans is the most frequent etiologic agent that causes opportunistic infections called candidiasis, a disease whose systemic manifestation could prove fatal and whose incidence is increasing as a result of an expanding immunocompromised population. Here we review the role of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in the host protection against invasive candidiasis. This cytokine plays an essential role in both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune response to candidiasis. We focus on recent progress on host-pathogen interactions at the molecular level, leading to the production of IFN-γ by host cells. IFN-γ is produced by CD4 Th1, CD8, γδ T, and natural killer (NK) cells, essentially in response to both IL-12 and/or IL-18, and plays an important role in the regulation of the immune system as well as in the control of the infectious process. IFN-γ is required for optimal activation of phagocytes, collaborates in the generation of protective antibody response, and favours the development of a Th1 protective response.

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