Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E7 is a major oncoprotein that plays a crucial role in the development of cervical cancer. A previous study showed that transglutaminase (TGase) 2 catalyzes the incorporation of polyamines into HPV 18 E7 protein, and thereby diminishes its ability to bind Rb. Therefore, TGase 2 activity may be implicated in a suppressive function of host against HPV-induced carcinogenesis. To better understand the nature of polyamination of HPV 18 E7, we investigated the Rb binding of E7 polyaminated in vitro with different type of polyamines. The incorporation of spermine diminished the Rb binding of E7 more profoundly compared with that of spermidine, suggesting that either the additional positive charge or a steric effect or both may have altered the chemical or structural properties of the protein. In addition, the treatment of either spermidine or spermine in cultured cell system reduced the ability of E7 to inactivate Rb with a TGase activity-dependent manner. Spermine was more effective in inhibiting E7 activity than spermidine. These results may provide the basis for future investigation aiming at delineating the significance of polyamine metabolism on HPV E7 functions.