IMR Press / FBE / Volume 14 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbe1402009
Open Access Editorial
Saliva biotechnology as a diagnostic tool for periodontal diseases: new challenges for clinical practice
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1 Department of General Surgery and Surgical-Medical Specialties, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Via S. Sofia 78, 95124 Catania, Italy
*Correspondence: gaetano.isola@unict.it (Gaetano Isola)
Academic Editor: Baohong Zhang
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2022, 14(2), 009; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.fbe1402009
Submitted: 8 January 2022 | Revised: 10 January 2022 | Accepted: 14 January 2022 | Published: 6 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Relationship between oral health and systemic health: an update)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

The periodontal apparatus has an essential function for the entire stomatognathic system, especially in dental support and in protecting the biofilm from periodontal pathogenic bacteria. Specifically, interactions with the immune system and the surrounding oral environment make it key in the mechanism of aetiology of periodontitis. In the oral cavity, saliva and crevicular fluid have significant functions including oral hygiene and protection of the oral cavity with specific antibacterial effects, on digestion and as a source of early diagnosis of oral diseases. This editorial aims to analyze current knowledge and new challenges on the benefits of saliva as a diagnostic fluid for the early diagnosis of periodontal disease.

Keywords
Periodontitis
Saliva
Biotechnology
Oral health
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