Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Accumulating evidence highlight the importance of diet in the pathogenesis as well as prevention of atherosclerosis. In this review, we summarize the results of recent studies that demonstrate direct and indirect effects if functional foods and their analogues in prevention of initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. We discuss the epidemiological and clinical observations of such diets and dicuss their effects on the pathological mechanisms that drive atherosclerosis at cellular and molecular level.