IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 24 / Issue 1 / pii/1997012

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 47 Issue 1 (2020). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Original Research

Adenomyosis at hysterectomy: prevalence and relationship to operative findings and reproductive and menstrual factors

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1 2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
2 Laboratory of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
3 Department of Pathology Hipokration Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 1997, 24(1), 36–38;
Published: 10 March 1997

In order to estimate the frequency and risk factors for adenornyosis, the clinical records of 594 women undergoing hysterectomy were retrieved. Data were collected on indications for the intervention, age at surgery, age at menarche, parity, abortions, mode of delivery, abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and menopausal status at surgery. Adenomyosis was found in 116 of the 594 patients (19.5%). A pathologic condition was present in 63 patients with fibroids (20.5%), 11 with genital prolapse (25.6%), 11 with benign ovarian tumors (17.8%), six with endornetrial hyperplasia (13.6%), two with cervical cancer (18.2%), ten with endometrial cancer (16.1 %), and 13 with ovarian cancer (21.3%). No relationship was found between adenomyosis and endometriosis. On the contrary, a strong relationship was found between adenomyosis and parity, cesarean section, induced abortions, dysmenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, and late age at menarche. These results show that adenomyosis is a common pathologic finding, significantly related to reproductive and menstrual characteristics of the patients.

Risk factors
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