Background: As an alternative method to evaluate insulin resistance
(IR), triglyceride-glucose index (TyG) was shown to be related to the severity
and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases. The main aim of this
study was to explore the association between TyG and in-hospital mortality in
critically ill patients with heart disease. Method: The calculation
method of TyG has been confirmed in previous report: Ln [fasting TGs (mg/dL)
FBG (mg/dL)/2]. All patients were divided into four different
categories according to TyG quartiles. Primary outcome was in-hospital mortality.
Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the independent
effect of TyG. Result: 4839 critically ill patients with heart disease
were involved. The overall mortality was 8.53 cases per 100 idviduals.
In-hospital mortality increased as TyG quartiles increased (Quartile 4 vs
Quartile 1: 12.1 vs 5.3, p 0.001). Even after
adjusting for confounding variables, TyG was still independently associated with
the increased risk of in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with heart
disease (Quartile 4 vs Quartile 1: OR (95% CI): 1.83 (1.27, 2.64), p
0.001, P for trend 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, we failed to
observe the association between increased TyG and the risk of mortality in
patients complicated by diabetes. In addition, as TyG quartiles increased, the
length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay was prolonged (Quartile 4 vs Quartile 1:
2.3 (1.3, 4.9) vs 2.1 (1.3, 3.8), p = 0.007). And the significant
interactions were not found in most subgroups. Conclusions:
TyG was independently correlated with in-hospital mortality in
critically ill patients with heart disease.