†These authors contributed equally.
Academic Editor: Zhonghua Sun
In patients with medically refractory heart failure or cardiogenic shock, both temporary and durable mechanical circulatory support devices can be used to support cardiac circulation. Both transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are widely available, relatively noninvasive, and avoid radiation exposure. Thus, echocardiography is an invaluable tool that provides vital information aiding in preprocedure evaluation, placement, management, and weaning of cardiac assist devices. The purpose of this article is to review the utility of both TTE and TEE in managing patients with cardiac assist devices.