IMR Press / RCM / Volume 23 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2307253
Open Access Review
Echocardiography in Cardiac Assist Devices
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1 Department of Cardiology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA
*Correspondence: (Reza Arsanjani)
These authors contributed equally.
Academic Editor: Zhonghua Sun
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2022, 23(7), 253;
Submitted: 30 March 2022 | Revised: 11 May 2022 | Accepted: 20 June 2022 | Published: 14 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Echocardiography in Current Cardiology Practice)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

In patients with medically refractory heart failure or cardiogenic shock, both temporary and durable mechanical circulatory support devices can be used to support cardiac circulation. Both transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are widely available, relatively noninvasive, and avoid radiation exposure. Thus, echocardiography is an invaluable tool that provides vital information aiding in preprocedure evaluation, placement, management, and weaning of cardiac assist devices. The purpose of this article is to review the utility of both TTE and TEE in managing patients with cardiac assist devices.

heart failure
cardiac assist devices
mechanical circulatory support
Fig. 1.
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