Academic Editors: Antonio Mangieri and Alan Maisel
Both the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the American College of Cardiology (ACC/AHA) have recently released guidelines on the management of patients with secondary mitral regurgitation. This includes defining, classifying, and assessing the severity of secondary mitral regurgitation. These guidelines are also the first to incorporate the use of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair in decision-making based on recent studies. The review highlights the strengths and shortcomings of these studies and the applicability and generalisability of these results to assist in decision-making for the heart time. It also emphasises the importance of shared decision-making via the heart team. Echocardiography plays an important role in the assessment of these patients although these may be specifically for primary mitral insufficiency. The optimal guideline-directed medical therapy should be the first line of treatment followed by mechanical intervention. The choice of intervention is best directed by a specialist multidisciplinary team. Concomitant revascularization should be performed in a subgroup of patients with severe secondary mitral regurgitation given the role of adverse LV remodelling in propagation of the dynamic secondary MR. The guidelines need further confirmation from high-quality studies in the near future to decision-making towards either TEER, mitral valve replacement, or mitral valve repair with or without a subvalvular procedure.