IMR Press / RCM / Volume 23 / Issue 10 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2310343
Open Access Review
Echocardiographic Assessment of Prosthetic Valves
Show Less
1 Department of Cardiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
2 Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Division of Echocardiography, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA
*Correspondence: (William K Freeman)
Academic Editor: Jerome L. Fleg
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2022, 23(10), 343;
Submitted: 27 March 2022 | Revised: 6 June 2022 | Accepted: 30 June 2022 | Published: 11 October 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Echocardiography in Current Cardiology Practice)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Prosthetic valves are increasingly encountered in clinical practice. A grasp of the intricacies of the assessment and management of prosthetic valves is thus a crucial skillset for the practicing cardiologist. Echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice for the anatomic and functional evaluation of prosthetic valve. This document reviews the general features of prosthetic valves, echocardiographic identification of normally functioning and dysfunctional prosthetic valves as well as echocardiographic diagnosis of specific prosthetic valvular abnormalities.

prosthetic cardiac valves
mechanical valve
bioprosthetic valve
structural valve degeneration
prosthetic valve thrombosis
Fig. 1.
Back to top