IMR Press / RCM / Volume 22 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2204140
Open Access Review
Surgical ventricular restoration for patients with heart failure
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1 Section of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Cardiac Sciences, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 2T9, Canada
*Correspondence: (Imtiaz S. Ali)
Academic Editor: Michele Di Mauro
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2021, 22(4), 1341–1355;
Submitted: 27 September 2021 | Revised: 24 October 2021 | Accepted: 28 October 2021 | Published: 22 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interventions for the failing left ventricle)
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

On an annual basis, heart failure affects millions of people globally. Despite improvements in medications and percutaneous interventions, heart failure secondary to ischemic cardiomyopathy remains an important health issue. A large proportion of healthcare budgets are also dedicated to complications related to ischemic cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Drugs and mechanical devices have an ever-expanding role in our management of this growing patient population. However, cardiac transplantation continues to be the gold standard for treating advanced heart failure. Since there is a limited pool of suitable donor hearts, cardiac transplantation is not a viable option for many patients. Over the past five decades, various forms of surgical ventricular restoration have been proposed as an appealing option for treating heart failure in very select and specific cases. Given the pathophysiology of ischemic cardiomyopathy, literature suggests that, in those particular settings, reasonable results can be achieved by surgically restoring the ventricle to its original geometry. Herein, we explore the evidence on different operative techniques for ventricular restoration. We also present the latest findings for surgical ventricular restoration in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Ischemic cardiomyopathy
Surgical ventricular restoration
Dor procedure
Clinical outcomes
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