IMR Press / FBL / Volume 13 / Issue 14 / DOI: 10.2741/3084

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Role of oxidative stress and nitric oxide in atherothrombosis
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1 Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
Academic Editor:Pal Pacher
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2008, 13(14), 5323–5344; https://doi.org/10.2741/3084
Published: 1 May 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nitric oxide, superoxide and peroxynitrite in cardiovascular diseases)
Abstract

During the last decade basic and clinical research has highlighted the central role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiovascular disease. Enhanced production or attenuated degradation of ROS leads to oxidative stress, a process that affects endothelial and vascular function, and contributes to vascular disease. Nitric oxide (NO), a product of the normal endothelium, is a principal determinant of normal endothelial and vascular function. In states of inflammation, NO production by the vasculature increases considerably and, in conjunction with other ROS, contributes to oxidative stress. This review examines the role of oxidative stress and NO in mechanisms of endothelial and vascular dysfunction with an emphasis on atherothrombosis.

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