IMR Press / FBL / Volume 12 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.2741/2153

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Phytoplasmas: genetics, diagnosis and relationships with the plant and insect host
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1 Dipartimento di Biologia Applicata alla Difesa delle Piante, Università di Udine, via Scienze 208, I-33100, Italy
2 Instituto de Biologia Molecular de Barcelona (IBMB-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18-26, 08034-Barcelona, Spain
3 Istituto di Virologia Vegetale, CNR, Strada delle Cacce, 73, I-10135 Torino, Italy
Academic Editor:Maxim V. Trushin
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2007, 12(4), 1353–1375;
Published: 1 January 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent advances in mycoplasmology)

Phytoplasmas cannot be cultivated in vitro, and remain the most poorly understood plant pathogens. Despite this limitation, the investigation of their nature with the aid of modern tools has produced noteworthy results during the last 20 years. Using biochemical and molecular approaches, the phylogeny of the phytoplasmas has been described, their chromosomal and extrachromosomal components are being studied, and information on the localization, movement, and metabolic interference occurring in their insect and plant hosts accumulated. At the same time, the application of the new findings in phylogeny and genetics has aided the development of powerful diagnostic tools that have improved the ability to manage diseases which are induced by phytoplasmas.

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