IMR Press / FBL / Volume 11 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/1930

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Echinomycin and cobalt-phenanthroline as redox indicators of DNA hybridization at gold electrodes
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1 Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ege University, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2006, 11(2), 1870–1877;
Published: 1 May 2006

A bis-intercalator echinomycin (ECHI) and a simple intercalator [Co(phen)3]3+ were used as a novel electrochemical redox indicators to detect DNA hybridization at gold electrodes (AuE). In order to minimize the nonspecific adsorption of oligonucleotides (ODN), the thiol-derivatized oligonucleotides were immobilized onto AuE in the first step, and the exposition of AuE to 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (MCH) followed in the second step of this procedure. In this arrangement good reproducibility and discrimination between single-stranded (ss) probe and double-stranded (ds) hybrid DNA were obtained. While both redox indicators showed a good ability to discriminate between the ss probe and ds hybrid DNA, the signals of ECHI were by an order of maginitude higher than those of [Co(phen)3]3+ in a good agreement with stronger DNA binding by the bis-intercalator as compared to the simple intercalator. In addition, DNA single-base mismatch (DNA point mutation) was easily detected by means of ECHI.

Gold Electrode
DNA hybridization
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