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Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine (RCM) is published by IMR Press from Volume 19 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with MedReviews, LLC.
Open Access Review
Height and Heart Disease
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2014, 15(2), 102–108; https://doi.org/10.3909/ricm0678
Published: 30 June 2014
Height has a relationship with a number of medical conditions, including heart disease. Atrial fibrillation has been observed to be more common in taller individuals. Marfan syndrome, with its high prevalence of mitral valve disease and abnormalities of the aorta, is associated with increased height. Mitral valve prolapse in patients without Marfan syndrome may be more common in taller people. Conversely, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, and possibly aortic valve calcification are less prevalent with increasing height. The relationship between height and health will be of increasing importance as the population grows taller.
Mitral valve prolapse
Congestive heart failure
Coronary artery disease