IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 18 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.126
Open Access Original Research
Adult men suicide: a developmental approach
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1 Centre for Research and Intervention on Suicide, Ethical Issues and End-of-Life Practices, University of Quebec in Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada
2 McGill Group for Suicide Studies, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC H4H 1R3, Canada
3 Department of Psychology, University of Quebec in Outaouais, Quebec, Gatineau, QC J8X 3X7, Canada
4 Research center of the University Institute in Mental Health of Montreal, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H1Z 3T5, Canada
*Correspondence: (Michel Tousignant)
J. Mens. Health 2022, 18(2), 42;
Submitted: 2 June 2021 | Accepted: 2 September 2021 | Published: 10 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Do men and women differ when it comes to suicidal behavior?)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background and objective: This study aims to verify the role of humiliating events and their context in provoking suicide and the contribution of childhood parental maltreatment. Materials and methods: A family member of consecutive adult male suicides, aged between 18 and 53, was recruited at the Montreal coroner’s mortuary for a psychosocial autopsy interview (N = 63) and 7 others through the coroner-in-chief’s office. Live events were assessed with the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS) and parental maltreatment with the Child Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) Interview. Results: Two thirds of the suicides presented most of the following factors: a separation from a partner, half of them involving the man’s intractable behavior, financial and marital difficulties, a diagnosis of substance use and/or personality disorder, a history of parental maltreatment and impulsivity. However, other subgroups of men suicide differed significantly from this portrait. Conclusions: Humiliation events and parental maltreatment are key factors of men’s suicide.

Life events
Parental maltreatment
Substance abuse
Adult men
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