IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 15 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.22374/jomh.v15i4.177

Journal of Men’s Health (JOMH) is published by IMR Press from Volume 17 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Dougmar Publishing Group.

Original Research


Show Less
1 Department of Physical Education, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung-si, Republic of Korea

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

J. Mens. Health 2019, 15(4), 37–46;
Submitted: 13 June 2019 | Accepted: 6 August 2019 | Published: 23 December 2019


Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) lowers the recurrence of cardiovascular disease and has strong and positive physical and psychological effects. The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of life (QoL) of CR participants according to their monthly income and education levels in the early phase after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Material and methods

There were 128 participants (98 men and 30 women). Their socioeconomic status (SES) was evaluated and QoL was assessed using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey. CR was initiated 3 weeks after treatment and remeasured after 3 months. The pre-post analysis was performed using the paired t-test. The participants’ education levels were defined in terms of a middle school group (low education [LE]), high school group (middle education [ME]), and above college group (high education [HE]). Monthly household income was divided into tertiles: up to US$2000 (low income [LI]), up to US$4000 (middle income [MI]), and more than US$4000 (high income [HI]).


There was a significant increase in mental health status—from 54.9 to 63.3—in the HE group, but no significant changes were observed in the LE and ME groups. Physical changes were observed in all education-level groups.

The physical changes in the group according to monthly income significantly increased by 9.1% (66.8– 73.5) in the LI group, 7.8% (65.9–71.5) in the MI group, and 12.1% (62.7–71.3) in the HI group. Physical changes were observed in all monthly income groups. Changes in occupational physical activity levels significantly improved physical and mental status in the middle and high activity groups, but not in the low activity group.


Changes in QoL as an effect of short-term CR were effective. Changes in mental QoL were significant in higher SES levels and physical QoL was effective in all groups.

cardiac rehabilitation
quality of life
socioeconomic status
Back to top