IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 13 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.22347/1875-6859.13.2.5

Journal of Men’s Health (JOMH) is published by IMR Press from Volume 17 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Dougmar Publishing Group.

Original Research


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1 Stiftung Männergesundheit, Koordination des Wissenschaftlichen Beirates, Berlin
2 Robert-Bosch-Stiftung, Institut für Geschichte der Medizin, Stuttgart
3 Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Institute for Health and Wellbeing, Centre for Men's Health, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

J. Mens. Health 2017, 13(2), 40–52;
Published: 28 September 2017

Target of the study

Men’s Health is increasingly coming into force within health research, epidemiology, health care organisation, and health policy. Over the past 10-15 years the EU Men’s Health Report and reports within some countries have publicised problems of health in men. A starting point for the study of men’s health is the definition of “Men’s Health”. A group of German experts in the fi eld of men’s health has taken on this task.


A literature review in international and national databases was performed for the years 1990-2014 by selected MeSH terms and for “experts in men’s health”. Further research concerned “grey literature” in Germany, especially health reports and web pages. This was followed by a conference of experts to defi ne “Men’s Health” using a modifi ed Delphi method according to W. Zinn. From the expert group, minimum criteria for a definition of “Men’s Health”, which must comply with the new definition of men’s health, were created and discussed. The fi nal definition was created in the third round of the Delphi method. 


The international literature review yielded seven definitions of “Men’s Health” in the English literature and fi ve definitions in the German literature including within the “grey” literature. The expert group identifi ed seven minimum criteria and fi fteen relevant topics that were needed for a strong definition, of which, by weighting, eight criteria were considered relevant for a new definition. None of the existing definitions could fulfi l these eight criteria. Therefore, in the next step of the expert group a new definition “Men’s Health” was elaborated. The definition has reference to the WHO concept of “health” and includes dimensions of health and disease, risk and protective factors that require special prevention and care services for all phases of life. All participants in the expert group agreed on the definition developed.


The definition of Men's Health is a basis for further research and practice to improve men’s health in Germany and other countries.

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