IMR Press / JOMH / Volume 12 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/jomh.v12i2.24

Journal of Men’s Health (JOMH) is published by IMR Press from Volume 17 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Dougmar Publishing Group.

Original Research

Prevalence, Co-Occurrence and Clustering of Lifestyle Risk Factors Among UK Men

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1 Centre for Active Lifestyles, Carnegie Faculty, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK. LS6 3QS
2 Centre for Men’s Health, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK, LS2 8NU

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

J. Mens. Health 2016, 12(2), 15–24;
Published: 5 September 2016

Objective: Men – more than women - engage in unhealthy lifestyle practices that place them at greater risk of developing non-communicable disease. This paper aims to explore the prevalence, co-occurrence and clustering of four core lifestyle risk factors and examine the socio demographic variation of their distribution, among men living in two central London boroughs. 

Method: A stratified street survey was undertaken with N=859 men. Prevalence odds ratios calculated risk factor clustering and a multinomial logistic regression model examined the socio-demographic variation. 

Results: Over 72% of men presented with combinations of lifestyle risk factors. Physical inactivity combined with a lack of fruit and vegetables was the most common combination. Co-occurrence was more prominent for unemployed, widowed, divorced/separated and white British men. Clustering was evident for adherence and non-adherence to UK health recommendations.

Conclusion: Men may benefit from targeted health interventions that address multiple – rather than single – health related behaviours.

men’s health
lifestyle risk reduction
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