IMR Press / JIN / Volume 20 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/j.jin.2020.03.0196R
Open Access Retraction
Retraction: Ghali MGZ, et al. Mechanisms underlying the generation of autonomorespiratory coupling amongst the respiratory central pattern generator, sympathetic oscillators, and cardiovagal premotoneurons. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience. 2020; 19: 521–560
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1 Department of Neurological Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 6 Solna and Alfred Nobels Allé 8 Huddinge SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
2 Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Helsinki, 00100 Helsinki, Finland
3 Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1076 Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway
4 Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Street, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
5 Department of Neurological Surgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, 350 W. Thomas Road, Phoenix, AZ 85013, USA
6 Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
7 Purdue University, 610 University Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
8 United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2777 Crystal Drive, Arlington, VA 22202, USA
9 Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Barcelona, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585 08007 Barcelona, Spain
10 Department of Neurological Surgery, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 Oxford, UK
11 Department of Neurological Surgery, Cambridge University, 184 Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 8PQ, Cambridge, UK
12 Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, 1800 Orleans Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
13 IMR Press
*Correspondence: (Michael G. Z. Ghali); of Integrative Neuroscience Editorial Office)
J. Integr. Neurosci. 2021, 20(2), 527–527;
Submitted: 22 April 2021 | Revised: 31 May 2021 | Accepted: 23 June 2021 | Published: 30 June 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

The above-mentioned article [1], published online on 30 September 2020, has been withdrawn. The retraction has been issued following additional information based on an issue raised by the KAROLINSKA INSTITUTET, Sweden, in regards to a disputed domain name. This was received by IMR Press and reviewed by the Chief Editor.

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