Frontiers in Bioscience-Scholar (FBS) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
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Academic Editor: Kounosuke Watabe
The tumor progression is not only regulated by metastasis promoting and suppressing genes in cancer cells but it is also strongly influenced by the interaction between cancer cells and the stromal cells. An abundance of inflammatory mediators and leukocytes has been known to promote cancer metastasis, and tumor associated macrophages (TAM) are the key players in the link between inflammation and cancer. TAM are derived from peripheral blood monocytes that are recruited into the tumor by inflammatory chemokines. Upon activation by cancer cells, TAM gain the ability of pro-tumoral functions including expression of various growth factors, promotion of angiogenesis and suppression of adaptive immunity, and many of these factors also play critical roles in cancer metastasis. In this review, we will summarize the recent information about the function of TAM in the inflammatory micro-environment of solid tumors and discuss the potential targets for future therapeutic approaches.