Frontiers in Bioscience-Scholar (FBS) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
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The TGF-beta signaling pathway controls multiple functions of cancer cells and the surrounding stromal tissue. Some TGF-beta actions suppress cancer formation, while others contribute to tumor progression. Evidence supporting a tumor suppressive role for the TGF-beta/Smad signaling axis is presented here. These data are compiled from cell culture studies, animal models, analyses of human tumors, and investigations of polymorphisms of TGF-beta pathway components and their associated cancer risk. Therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment involving either restoring or potentiating TGF-beta tumor suppressive activities, or blocking TGF-beta tumor promoting functions are considered.