IMR Press / FBS / Volume 13 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.52586/S560
Open Access Review
Modern approaches and innovations in the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral vascular diseases
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1 School of Medicine, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
2 Division of Vascular Surgery Westchester Medical Center, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
*Correspondence: (Sateesh Babu)
Front. Biosci. (Schol Ed) 2021, 13(2), 173–180;
Submitted: 2 February 2021 | Revised: 22 June 2021 | Accepted: 27 August 2021 | Published: 3 December 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by BRI.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Amongst the three major vascular beds (coronary, cerebrovascular, and peripheral), peripheral vascular disease (PVD) has traditionally received the least attention, despite its growing global burden. The aging population has led to the increased prevalence of PVD, thereby increasing visibility to its various diagnostic and treatment modalities. In the past decade, research and development of innovations in the management of PVD has exploded. Modern advances in imaging, molecular technology, medical devices, and surgical techniques have reduced the morbidity and mortality of PVD. However, many challenges still remain due to the debilitating and progressive nature of this disease. In this article, we will introduce some common vascular diseases, the state of art in diagnosis and treatment, the limitations of modern technology, and our vision for this field over the next decade.

Peripheral vascular disease
Carotid stenosis
Peripheral arterial disease
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Aortic dissection
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