IMR Press / FBS / Volume 13 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.52586/S557
Open Access Review
Fortification methods of coenzyme Q10 in yogurt and its health functionality—a review
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1 Department of Food Process Engineering, School of Bioengineering, College of Engineering and Technology, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, 603203 Kattankulathur, India
2 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, CAMS, Sultan Qaboos University, 123 Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
3 Aging and Dementia Research Group, Sultan Qaboos University, 123 Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
4 Research & Policy Division, Q3CG Research Institute (QRI), 7227 Rachel Drive, Ypsilanti, MI 48917, USA
5 Department of Pharmacology, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education & Research, 570004 Mysuru, India
*Correspondence: (Nagamaniammai Govindarajan)
These authors contributed equally.
Front. Biosci. (Schol Ed) 2021, 13(2), 131–140;
Submitted: 21 February 2021 | Revised: 25 March 2021 | Accepted: 25 April 2021 | Published: 3 December 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by BRI.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an antioxidant, fat-soluble component present in the mitochondrial cells. It provides beneficial results in the treatment of male infertility. In the current scenario, the sedative lifestyle, diet and stress in human lead to excessive free radicals (ROS), leading to health aliments. The review is conducted to compare the effect of different fortification methods of CoQ10 in the Yogurt. The study showed that nanoparticles form of CoQ10 in yogurt showed higher bioaccesiblity rates in humans, and the microencapsulation of CoQ10 showed a low amount of Ubiquinone released during its shelf life. The functional Yogurt produced by the Monascus-fermented soybean powder (MFSP) co-fermentation has been shown to have high free radicals scavenging activity. Thus, the review observes that each fortified sample is useful in its way as CoQ10 supplements. Further studies must be done for accurate conclusions on its effect on male infertility, and other fortification media can be explored.

Coenzyme Q10
Oxidative stress
Yogurt fortification
Parkinson’s disease
Huntington’s disease
Cardiovascular diseases
Male infertility
Fig. 1.
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