Frontiers in Bioscience-Scholar (FBS) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
The human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) are one of the promising candidates as patient specific cell source for autologous transplantation or modeling of diseases. The collagen (Col) scaffolds have been shown suitable to create in vitro biomimetic microenvironment for human neural stem cells, but their ability to accommodate stem cells at different stages of neural differentiation has not been verified yet. In this paper we compare lineage related hiPSC during neural differentiation for their ability to colonize Col scaffold. We have also focused on modification of collagen physicochemical properties with improved mechanical and thermal stability, without loss of its biological activity. The hiPSC expressing markers of pluripotency (OCT4, SOX2, NANOG) after neural commitment are NESTIN, GFAP, PDGFR alpha, beta-TUBULIN III, MAP-2, DCX, GalC positive. We have shown, that Col scaffold was not preferable for hiPSC culture, while the neurally committed population after seeding on Col scaffolds revealed good adhesion, viability, proliferation, along with sustaining markers of neuronal and glial differentiation. The Col scaffold-based 3D culture of hiPSC-NSCs may serve as a research tool for further translational studies.