IMR Press / FBL / Volume 9 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.2741/1465

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Cellular immunity and immunotherapy of brain tumors
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1 Division of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
2 Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
3 Brain Research Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
4 Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095
Academic Editor:Van Meir
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2004, 9(5), 3124–3136; https://doi.org/10.2741/1465
Published: 1 September 2004
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Encyclopedia of neuro-oncology)
Abstract

Factors influencing the host immune response to central nervous system (CNS) tumors are not yet well understood. This review will outline what is known about anti-tumor immune responses against CNS tumors and describe how advances in our knowledge of basic immunology may be applied to brain tumor immunotherapy. We will first focus on cellular immune system interactions involved in peripheral anti-tumor immune responses. Then, we will discuss characteristics of tumors arising within the confines of the CNS that distinguish them from peripheral neoplasms, emphasizing immune defects that seem to limit or curtail specific anti-tumor immunity against brain tumors. Finally, the current state of immune-based treatment paradigms and future directions will be discussed, paying particular attention to adoptive cellular immunotherapy and tumor vaccine approaches for the treatment of malignant gliomas.

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