IMR Press / FBL / Volume 8 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.2741/931

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Fatty acid ethyl esters: toxic non-oxidative metabolites of ethanol and markers of ethanol intake
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1 Division of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA

Academic Editor: M. Hussain

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2003, 8(5), 202–217; https://doi.org/10.2741/931
Published: 1 January 2003
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lipid binding, modifying and transferring proteins)
Abstract

This report describes the biochemistry of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE), non-oxidative metabolites of ethanol, and their clinical significance. We review information regarding the enzymes responsible for FAEE synthesis and degradation, and the mechanisms involved with the intracellular and extracellular transport of FAEE and FAEE-mediated cytotoxicity. Also a summary of reports on the emerging clinical significance and diagnostic utility of FAEE as short and long-term markers of alcohol consumption, and the methodological aspects of FAEE assessment is included.

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