Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Snares for GLUT4 – mechanisms directing vesicular trafficking of GLUT4
Academic Editor: Konstantin Kandror
Fusion of GLUT4 vesicles with the plasma membrane is a key terminal step in insulin-regulated glucose transport. This fusion event is mediated by SNARE proteins, syntaxin 4, SNAP23 and VAMP2, through a process regulated by accessory proteins whose roles are still unclear. Munc18c is a key regulatory protein of syntaxin, and possibly of whole-SNARE complex cycling. Rab GTPases, through interactions with tethering molecules and SNAREs, provide targeting specificity in the GLUT4 secretory pathway. We review here insulin-mediated signaling of glucose transport, and particularly the role played by SNAREs and their accessory proteins.