IMR Press / FBL / Volume 8 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/987

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.


PH domain of G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 binds to protein kinase C (PKC) and negatively regulates activity of PKC kinase

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1 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaaxi, 710032. PR China
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2003, 8(1), 34–39;
Published: 1 January 2003

G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK), also known as beta1-adrenergic receptor kinase(beta-ARK1), plays an important role in agonist-induced desensitization of the beta-adrenergic receptors. Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) is able to stimulate phosphorylation and activation of GRKs and induce desensitization of G protein-coupled receptor. However, detail mechanism of interaction between PKC and GRK2 and the effect of GRK2 on activity of PKC remain unknown. Pleckstrin homology (PH) domain is a kind of functionally domain containing about 120 amino acids, which exists on many protein molecules that involve in cellular signal transduction. A PH domain located in GRK2 residue 548 to 660 may play a significant role in mediating interaction between PKC and GRK2. In present study, we revealed that PKC could associate with PH domain of GRK2 in pull-down assay in vitro. Co-immunoprecipitation displayed binding of PKC to GRK2 in intact Jurkat cells after prolonged stimulation of epinephrine. Assay of PKC beta1 kinase activity indicated that the binding of the PH domain of GRK2 to PKC beta 1 could down-regulate activity of PKC beta 1 kinase. Thus, GRK2 may play a negative feedback regulatory role on PKCbeta1 activity in interaction between GRK2 and PKCbeta 1.

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