IMR Press / FBL / Volume 7 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.2741/portis

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
The LMP2A signalosome--a therapeutic target for Epstein-Barr virus latency and associated disease
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1 Northwestern University Medical School, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, 60611, USA
Academic Editor:Erle Robertson
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2002, 7(4), 414–426; https://doi.org/10.2741/portis
Published: 1 February 2002
(This article belongs to the Special Issue DNA viruses and human malignancies)
Abstract

Most adults are infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a virus that establishes a lifelong latent infection in B lymphocytes and is associated with a variety of cancers. In normal individuals, latent infection with EBV typically poses no health risk, but upon immunosuppression, either following organ transplantation or HIV infection, malignancies and lymphoproliferative diseases can result. We have utilized both transgenic mice and EBV transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) as models of EBV latent infection to explore the function of latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) of EBV. This has allowed us to identify important functional domains of LMP2A, essential host proteins necessary for LMP2A function, and the effect of LMP2A on normal B cell function. These studies have provided a more complete understanding of the role of LMP2A in EBV latency and tumorigenesis and may allow for the identification of novel therapeutics for the treatment or eradication of EBV latent infections and associated proliferative disorders.

Keywords
Epstein-Barr Virus
Latent Membrane Protein 2A
LMP2A
Antiviral Therapuetics
Latency
Viral Oncogenesis
Review
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