Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Sos proteins function as activators of Ras signaling by catalyzing guanine nucleotide exchange on Ras. Sos regulation was initially thought to be accomplished primarily through its growth factor-dependent recruitment to the plasma membrane. More recent data has indicated that while membrane association is an indispensable means of Sos regulation, additional mechanisms involving intramolecular interactions function to control Sos activity towards Ras. This review will examine the experimental evidence for Sos intramolecular interactions and their contribution to Sos regulation.