IMR Press / FBL / Volume 6 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/schwartz

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Neurophysiologic mechanisms of attention: a selective review of early information processing in schizophrenics
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1 Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, 1440 Canal St., New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
2 Tulane University Health Sciences Center, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine
3 Tulane University Health Sciences Center, Veterans Administration Medical Center Research Services

Academic Editor: John Foxe

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2001, 6(3), 120–134; https://doi.org/10.2741/schwartz
Published: 1 February 2001
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Congition and attention)
Abstract

Attention is an integral component of information processing. A pronounced attention deficit exists among people with schizophrenia and their first-degree relatives as compared to persons without this pathology. Schizophrenics demonstrate marked deficiencies on psychophysical tasks that require temporal and / or spatial integration, properties that are associated with the two primary visual pathways composed of magnocellular (M) and parvocellular (P) cells, respectively. The deficit expresses itself as a dysfunctional information processing system that affects higher order processes, for example, perceptual ability and memory. The focus of this review is to integrate results from several divergent areas of research to include those studies that identify the contributions of the M and P pathways associated with information processing and the attention deficit. The diverse approaches reviewed in this chapter converge to provide a neurophysiologic explanation of the attention deficit in schizophrenia.

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