IMR Press / FBL / Volume 26 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.52586/4952
Open Access Commentary
Possible causes of Parkinson’s disease
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1 Independent Researcher, La Crescenta, CA 91214, USA
*Correspondence: (James D. Adams)
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2021, 26(8), 387–394;
Submitted: 29 June 2021 | Revised: 15 July 2021 | Accepted: 4 August 2021 | Published: 30 August 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by BRI.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Parkinson’s disease, in most patients, is possibly caused by natural oxidative stress in dopaminergic neurons, insufficient exercise and galactose induced oxidative stress. Dopamine oxidizes to produce oxygen radicals that damage neurons. Exercise generates lactic acid and myokines that are essential for brain health. Galactose produces oxidative stress in the brain. These factors change with age and lifestyle. It is likely that lifestyle interventions, including daily exercise and much less alcohol and milk consumption, can delay or prevent Parkinson’s disease.

Parkinson’s disease
Lactic acid
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