Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Heavy metals in street dust represent a risk to the human health due to their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Using the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) assessment, here, we review the human health risks of such dust world-wide. The street dust in such cities is contaminated by As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn Ni, Pb and Zn beyond the median levels of the world soil background values. Among these elements, the median values of the hazard risk indices (non-carcinogenic risk) are highest for As, Cr and Pb and the median values of the risk indices (carcinogenic risk) for As are in the tolerable risk range for children and adults and in the case of Pb, the median value of the carcinogenic risk indices are also in the tolerable range for children. We emphasize that the level of heavy metals in street dust pose a considerable risk to the human health and require monitoring and approaches to reduce such toxic levels.