Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Because of their highly reactive nature and potentially toxic characteristic, reactive oxygen species (ROS) have had a bad reputation for years. However, under certain conditions, ROS generation has shown positive outcomes. It is ROS imbalance that causes toxic effects. ROS play an important role in physiological processes such as cell signaling, senescence, inflammation, and the immune response to infection. An increasing number of studies highlight the importance of ROS for the inflammatory response, whether sterile or due to infection or cancer. The purpose of this paper is to present evidence of the essential role of ROS in the inflammatory response.