IMR Press / FBL / Volume 24 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.2741/4779

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review
Macrophages at the crossroads of anticancer strategies
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1 Department of Immunology and Inflammation, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Rozzano, Milan, Italy
2 Department of Hepatobiliary and General Surgery, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Milan, Italy
3 Department of Biomedical Science, Humanitas University, Rozzano, Italy
4 Department of Biotechnology and Translational Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
*Correspondence: federica.marchesi@humanitasresearch.it (Federica Marchesi)
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2019, 24(7), 1271–1283; https://doi.org/10.2741/4779
Published: 1 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Targeting of immune system in anti-tumor combined therapies)
Abstract

Macrophages are essential elements in the tumor microenvironment, where they can promote tumor growth but also influence the efficacy of anticancer strategies. In conventional therapies, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, TAMs play a dichotomous role, contributing to antitumor activity or hindering the efficacy of cytoreductive therapies. Macrophages express checkpoint ligands and are therefore targets of immunotherapy approaches based on checkpoint inhibitors. Targeted therapies with monoclonal antibodies elicit TAMs to engage in antitumor functions such as antibody-dependent phagocytosis through the activation of Fc receptors. New approaches to exploit macrophage effector functions induced by therapeutic antibodies are under investigation. Finally, strategies aimed at targeting TAM recruitment, survival and functional polarization are advancing towards the clinic. Collectively, TAM-centered strategies will hopefully complement conventional and unconventional anticancer therapies to achieve improved therapeutic benefit.

Keywords
Macrophages
Cancer
Anticancer Strategies
Treatment
Review
Figures
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