IMR Press / FBL / Volume 24 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/4712

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review
Fungal lipids: biosynthesis and signalling during plant-pathogen interaction
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1 Department of Environmental Biology, University of Rome, Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
2 Consiglioper la Ricerca in Agricoltura e l,Analisi dell,Economia Agraria, Centro di Ricerca Difesa e Certificazione,Via C.G, Bertero, 22, 00156 Rome, Italy
Send correspondence to: Massimo Reverberi, Department of Environmental Biology, University ofRome, Sapienza, P.le Aldo Moro, 5 00185, Roma,Italy. Tel: 390649912433, Fax: 390649912435, E-mail: massimo.reverberi@uniroma1.it
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2019, 24(1), 168–181; https://doi.org/10.2741/4712
Published: 1 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plants, pathogens and their interactions in relation to disease)
Abstract

Lipids occur in fungi as major constituents of the membrane systems and minor component in the cell wall; they can store energy in the lipid bodies and, in some cases, they can act as intra-extracellular signals. Fungi contain a various set of lipids, including fatty acids, oxylipins, sphingolipids, phospholipids, glycolipids, and sterols. Current studies in lipids suggest their additional role in cell signalling; for instance, host-pathogen exchange lipid signals at the interface during their interaction. This review aims examining those fungal lipid classes involved in the pathogenic interaction with the host plants. The lipid signals may trigger host immune response as well as functioning as virulence factors altering the lipid homeostasis of the host cells.

Keywords
Fungal Lipids
Host-Pathogen Interaction
Fatty Acids
Oxylipins
Sphingolipids
Review
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