IMR Press / FBL / Volume 23 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.2741/4658

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Establishment of a recombinant Escherichia coli-induced piglet diarrhea model

Show Less
1 Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Animal Nutrition and Feed Safety, Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, China
2 Guelph Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 5C9, Canada
3 Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2018, 23(8), 1517–1534; https://doi.org/10.2741/4658
Published: 1 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Amino acids in nutrition, health, and disease)
Abstract

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains induce human and animal intestinal dysfunction and injury, and cause diarrhea in weanling pigs. A recombinant E.coli strain LMG194-STa which expressed single toxin STa of ETEC was constructed by directly inserting the STa gene of ETEC into the expression vector pBAD202 and then transferring the recombinant plasmid pBAD-STa into the E.coli LMG19 host strain. Diarrhea and intestinal injury in piglets were induced by oral administration of recombinant strain LMG194-Sta. In vitro, the recombinant strain LMG194-Sta had the same toxicity to the IPEC cell as wild type strain K88, and higher toxicity than the host strain LMG194. In vivo, LMG194-STa caused severe diarrhea in piglets as K88, the diarrhea rate of LMG194-STa and K88 groups was higher than that in the LMG194 and control groups. Both K88 and LMG194-STa induced intestinal inflammation, injury, and atrophy, while adversely affecting the expression of genes for cytokines, transporters and ion channels, and nutrient metabolism. Thus, we established a porcine model of recombinant E. coli strain LMG194-STa-induced diarrhea for future nutritional and mechanistic studies of intestinal dysfunction.

Keywords
Recombinant Escherichia coli
Piglet Diarrhea
Intestinal injury
Review
Share
Back to top