IMR Press / FBL / Volume 23 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/4589

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Classification of retinal diseases based on OCT Images

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1 Information Systems Department, Faculty of Computers and Information, Mansoura University, Egypt
2 Information Technology Department, Faculty of Computers and Information, Mansoura University, Egypt
3 Bioengineering Department, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
4 Bioengineering Department, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
5 Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2018, 23(2), 247–264; https://doi.org/10.2741/4589
Published: 1 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular mechanisms of eye diseases)
Abstract

Optical Coherence Topography (OCT) is an emerging biomedical imaging technology that offers non-invasive real-time, high-resolution imaging of highly scattering tissues. It is widely used in ophthalmology to perform diagnostic imaging on the structure of the anterior eye and the retina. Clinical studies are carried out to assess the application of OCT for some retinal diseases. OCT can provide means for early detection for various types of diseases because morphological changes often occur before the physical symptoms of these diseases. In addition, follow-up imaging can assess treatment effectiveness and recurrence of a disease. A review in this area is needed to identify the results and the findings from OCT images in the field of retinal diseases and how to use these findings to help in clinical applications. This paper overviews the current techniques that are developed to determine the ability of OCT images for early detection/diagnosis of retinal diseases. Also, the paper remarks several challenges that face the researchers in the analysis of the OCT retinal images.

Keywords
Optical coherence tomography
OCT images
Diagnosing retinal diseases
Retina anatomy in OCT
Glaucoma
Central serous chorioretinopathy
CSC
Unilateral anterior ischemic optical neuropathy
AION
Diabetic macular edema
DME
Cystoids macular edema
CME
Age-related macular degeneration
AMD
REview
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