IMR Press / FBL / Volume 21 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/4404

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Gene expression profiles in the intestine of lipopolysaccharide-challenged piglets

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1 Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Animal Nutrition and Feed Safety, Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, China
2 Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
Academic Editor:Guoyao Wu
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2016, 21(3), 487–501; https://doi.org/10.2741/4404
Published: 1 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Amino acids in nutrition, health, and disease)
Abstract

Bowel diseases are common in human and animals and are characterized by intestinal dysfunction and injury. A well-established porcine model of intestinal injury can be induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin released from the cell wall of pathogenic bacteria. LPS affects the expression of genes associated with intestinal immune response, mucosal growth, energy metabolism, absorption, mucosal barrier function, and antiviral function. Transcriptional analysis of intestinal genes reveals that the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon respond to LPS challenge in a similar pattern. Moreover, the jejunum and ileum exhibit greater responses to LPS challenge than the duodenum and colon with regard to gene expression. Additionally, over 85% of genes are co-expressed along the small and large intestines and there is a clear distinction in gene expression patterns amongst the different intestinal segments in pigs. These findings have important implications for underlying molecular mechanisms responsible for endotoxin-induced intestinal injury and dysfunction.

Keywords
Intestinal function
Gene expression
Lipopolysaccharide
Pig
Review
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