IMR Press / FBL / Volume 20 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.2741/4364

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Matrix metalloproteinases as breast cancer drivers and therapeutic targets
Show Less
1 Department of Cancer Biology, Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA
Academic Editor:Jian Cao
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2015, 20(7), 1144–1163; https://doi.org/10.2741/4364
Published: 1 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Matrix metalloproteinases in diseases)
Abstract

Members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family have been identified as poor prognosis markers for breast cancer patients and as drivers of many facets of the tumor phenotype in experimental models. Early enthusiasm for MMPs as therapeutic targets was tempered following disappointing clinical trials that utilized broad spectrum, small molecule catalytic site inhibitors. However, subsequent research has continued to define key roles for MMPs as breast cancer promoters, to elucidate the complex roles that that these proteins play in breast cancer development and progression, and to identify how these roles are linked to specific and unique biochemical features of individual members of the MMP family. Here, we provide an overview of the structural features of the MMPs, then discuss clinical studies identifying which MMP family members are linked with breast cancer development and new experimental studies that reveal how these specific MMPs may play unique roles in the breast cancer microenvironment. We conclude with a discussion of the most promising avenues for development of therapeutic agents capable of targeting the tumor-promoting properties of MMPs.

Keywords
Matrix metalloproteinases
MMPs
tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases
TIMPs
Breast Cancer
Tumor Progression
Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition
EMT
MMP inhibitors
Cancer Biomarkers
Tumor Microenvironment
Share
Back to top