Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) represents a new subtype of lymphoproliferative disorders characterized by high morbidity and mortality rates and often leads to malignant transformation of infected cells. Efficient therapeutic strategies are presently unavailable; therefore, the development of therapies to prevent CAEBV-mediated transformation and disease progression is crucial. Here, we used microarray analysis and luciferase reporter assays to reveal the potential role of activated nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in T cell type of-CAEBV infection. Using a series of cellular and molecular experiments, we demonstrated that dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ), a novel NF-κB inhibitor, can selectively induce apoptosis in SNT-16 cells infected with CAEBV. Mechanistic studies suggested that DHMEQ induces SNT-16 cell apoptosis through NF-κB inhibition coupled with oxidative stress generation. Thus, activated NF-κB could be a new target for CAEBV therapeutics. Owing to its selective targeting ability, DHMEQ may be a candidate for a novel therapeutic regimen to control the progression of CAEBV infections.