Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Academic Editor: Hideyuki Arata
Coupled cell-free transcription-translation (CFTT) of green fluorescent protein (GFP) has been applied as a reporter system to microfluidic chip-related technologies. In polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based biomolecular logic gate system, in which addition of primer set and amplification of PCR product represent input and output signal respectively, GFP gene was inserted in the template DNA, which was then amplified, transcribed and translated to GFP. The green fluorescence reported as if the amplification has occurred or not, that is, the fluorescence reports positive output signal. CFTT of GFP was also adopted to evaluate on-chip capillary electrophoresis (CE)-based DNA fractionation, which was developed to isolate single DNA species from reaction mixture of DNA ligase-catalyzed DNA-assembly. As a model system, GFP gene was inserted in the target DNA fragment. The collected fraction was amplified with PCR and subjected to a CFTT system, and green fluorescence was observed showing that the fractionation was successful. These results showed that CFTT of GFP is a useful tool to verify, estimate, and monitor microfluidic chip-related technologies in which cell-free protein synthesis is involved.