Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Research in the post-genome sequence era has been shifting towards a functional understanding of the roles and relationships between different genes in different conditions. While the advances in genetic expression profiling techniques including microarrays enable detailed and genome-scale measurements, the extraction of meaningful information from large datasets remains a challenging task. Here, we propose a novel method of generating gene differential expression profiles such that gene expression values from one dataset can be directly compared with those of another dataset. A simplified Discrete Fourier Transform is applied to interposed gene expression values, thereby generating the 'spectra' for a pair of conditions. Using this technique, differentially expressed genes produce higher amplitudes at the Nyquist Frequency. By measuring the phase of the 'spectra' generated, the over- and under-expressed nature of the genes can be identified. This method was validated using two sets of GeneChip array data, one from prostate cancer related dataset and the other from macular degeneration related dataset. The genes identified as differentially expressed by our method were found to be similar to those published using their preferred methods. Based on our findings, the proposed DFT method could be used efficiently in identifying differentially expressed genes from multiple-array experiments from two different conditions.