Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
The induction of cell death in human erythroleukemic cells (K562) by sorbitol shows the typical apoptotic changes in ultrastructural morphology, including blebbing, chromatin condensation and nuclear membrane breakdown. Using a cytofluorimetric approach, we found that sorbitol induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) followed by DNA fragmentation in leukemic cells. In this study, we investigated effect of curcumin and rosmarinic acid on cell viability in three different cell lines: erythroleukemia K562, papillary NPA, and anaplastic ARO thyroid cancers. Curcumin was able to induce apoptosis in a concentration- and time dependent manner in three cell lines, while rosmarinic acid was less effective on this process. To examine this possibility in cellular system, this study evaluated the capacities of both compounds acting as antioxidant inhibiting sorbitol-induced apoptosis. K562, NPA and ARO cells were pre-incubated with 25 µM rosmarinic acid to allow the uptake and then the cell lines were treated with 1 M sorbitol. Afterwards, the cells were subjected to agarose gel electrophoresis to assess the DNA fragmentation. In conclusion, the antioxidant activity of rosmarinic acid is able to inhibit sorbitol-induced apoptosis.