IMR Press / FBL / Volume 12 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/2092

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Phytoplasmas: diversity, taxonomy, and epidemiology
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1 DiSTA, Plant Pathology, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, viale Fanin, 42, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Academic Editor:Maxim V. Trushin
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2007, 12(2), 673–689;
Published: 1 January 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent advances in mycoplasmology)

Phytoplasma associated diseases are spread worldwide, and in several cases are associated with severe epidemic of very often quarantine importance. These plant pathogens are prokaryotes belonging to the Mollicutes class since they lack a cell wall; up to now they were not cultivated in axenic culture therefore Koch postulates are only sometimes fulfilled by using alternative tools, such as graft or insect transmission. The possibility to design specific primers for highly conserved genes such as 16S ribosomal gene together with the use of molecular probes randomly cloned from phytoplasma genome, allowed discriminating and molecularly classifying them. Now a certain amount of knowledge is available that allow starting epidemiological studies in order to prevent further spreading of phytoplasma-associated diseases. In this paper molecular, biological and epidemiological characteristics of phytoplasma associated with important diseases worldwide are described.

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