Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Camptothecin (CPT) is a potent inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase I with a wide spectrum of anti-tumor activity. Relatively little information is available regarding the relation of known topoisomerase-mediated DNA damage with other intracellular pathways. To gain an insight into the intracellular molecular mechanisms of Topoisomerase I inhibitor camptothecin-mediated DNA damage leading to cell death, we used a high-density cDNA microarray to assess sensitive early gene expression profiles in SGC7901 (gastric cancer), Hela (cervical adenocarcinoma), K562 (chronic myelogenous leukemia) and HL60 (promyelocytic leukemia) tumor cells stimulated with camptothecin for 1 h at the concentrations of GI50 (50 % growth inhibition after 24 h of treatment). Analysis of the differentially expressed genes obtained 29 response genes common to all four cell lines. Moreover, these cell lines also shared the direction of regulation. Most of these common response genes were functionally related to cell proliferation or apoptosis, and some of them were involved in ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated) and ATR (ATM-and Rad3 related) checkpoint pathways, JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) pathway, the survival phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3 kinase-Akt-dependent pathway, mitochondrial cell death pathway, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-related cell death pathway, and to ubiquitin/proteasome dependent protein degradation pathway. The data provides evidence for a linkage between topoisomerase-mediated DNA damage and intracellular signaling events, which may facilitate our understanding of the camptothecin mediated molecular mechanisms of action.