IMR Press / FBL / Volume 11 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/1923

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Stress-induced plasticity of monoamine axons
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1 Department of Neuroscience, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan
2 Department of Neuropathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, U.S.A.

Academic Editor: Tatsuo Watanabe

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2006, 11(2), 1794–1801; https://doi.org/10.2741/1923
Published: 1 May 2006
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress responses: from molecular to integrative bioscience)
Abstract

Central serotonergic (5-HT) and noradrenergic (NA) neurons, which innervate the same regions of the brain, are known to play a crucial role in emotion and mood. These monoamine neurons have a great capacity to alter axonal morphology in response to repeated stress. The morphological responses of 5-HT and NA axons to repeated stress are different, and they sometimes even demonstrate opposite responses (namely, either sprouting or degeneration). Moreover, a morphological interaction also occurs between 5-HT and NA axons during axonal regeneration. This review describes the differential features of axonal plasticity of 5-HT and NA neurons in relation to stress, and discusses the possible roles that the morphological plasticity of 5-HT and NA axons may play in the pathophysiology of depression.

Keywords
Stress
Neuroplasticity
Serotonin
Noradrenaline
Depression
Antidepressant
Review
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