Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Tissue-engineering is considered a promising avenue for developing human articular cartilage implants that can be employed for resurfacing damaged cartilage in the early stages of osteoarthritis. In the present study, human cartilage-constructs were produced from human osteoarthritic chondrocytes maintained on a scaffold of HYAFF®-11 in perfusion mini-bioreactors or after implantation and recovery from nude or SCID mice after 3 weeks. The human cartilage-construct extracellular matrix reacted positively with anti-Type II collagen monoclonal antibody, but not with anti-Type I or anti-Type X collagen monoclonal antibodies. A significant portion of the cartilage-construct extracellular matrix stained metachromatic with Toluidine blue-O indicative of sulfated-proteoglycan deposition. Cyclic hydrostatic pressure applied for 4 hrs at 5 MPa using a 1 Hertz sinusoidal frequency significantly increased (p < 0.02) the proportion of apoptotic cells in the cartilage-constructs (41% ± 4.2%; mean ± SD) compared to control cartilage-constructs (28.5 ± 8.4%).