IMR Press / FBL / Volume 10 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/1742

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Role of B7-H1 and B7-H4 molecules in down-regulating effector phase of T-cell immunity: novel cancer escaping mechanisms
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1 Department of Dermatology, Institute for Cell Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Jefferson 1-121 Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA

Academic Editor: George Blanck

Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2005, 10(3), 2856–2860; https://doi.org/10.2741/1742
Published: 1 September 2005
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tumor cell regulation of the immune system)
Abstract

The majority of human and rodent cancers display various antigens which could elicit cellular and humoral immune responses. Such immunity, however, often fails to prevent progressive growth of cancers. It has long been speculated that tumor antigens may not be presented in appropriate fashion, which subsequently fails to elicit a strong immune response. Recent studies, however, indicate that immunization by formulated tumor antigens or even transfer of pre-activated T lymphocytes also have limited impact on cancer growth despite the fact that these methods could often enhance immune responses in cancer patients. These findings imply that even afferent arm of immunity are strengthen, it is not necessarily being translated to tumor regression. It is possible that the development of evasion mechanisms in tumor microenvironment play a critical role in the resistance of therapeutic immune responses. Recent studies provide compelling evidence that human and rodent cancers develop evasion mechanisms by aberrantly expressing normal proteins, which are required for normal tissue homeostasis, to either build a microenvironment locally or reach other organs systemically. In this review, we will focus our discussion on two recently described molecules, B7-H1 and B7-H4, in the context of their roles in the evasion of tumor immunity and possible approaches for therapeutic manipulation.

Keywords
B7-H1
B7-H4
PD-1
Effecter Phase
CD137
Immunotherapy
Review
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