IMR Press / FBE / Volume 8 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/E780

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Possible role of apolipoprotein A1 in healing and cell death after neuronal injury

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1 Biophysics and Structural Genomics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064, West Bengal, India

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Academic Editor: Suresh P K

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2016, 8(3), 460–477; https://doi.org/10.2741/E780
Published: 1 June 2016
Abstract

Limited axonal regeneration after traumatic injuries to the CNS presents a challenge in neuroscience. Investigation of CSF from subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) has found that the lipid catabolism pathway is implicated in the post injury scenario. Sequestration of the CNS by the blood brain barrier ensures a mechanism of cholesterol metabolism and recycling distinct from that in the peripheral tissues. Apolipoprotein A1, the protein component of high density lipoprotein (HDL), is an abundant protein in the mammalian cerebrospinal fluid. Interaction of ApoA1 with its cellular receptor, ABCA1, gives rise to several signaling events, such as the activation of Cdc42 protein leading to actin polymerisation. Emerging evidences suggest that ApoA1 mediates anti-inflammatory effects and conversely, is negatively regulated by inflammatory cytokines. Collating these findings, added to the clinical evidences of using HDL as a therapeutic target for cardio vascular diseases, we hypothesize that ApoA1 could be useful in neurite outgrowth after mechanical injury by 1) mediating polymerisation of actin and 2) restricting inflammatory responses after injury which are deleterious to healing.

Keywords
Apolipoprotein
Inflammation
Neuronal Injury
Regeneration
Review
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